Symposium 2011

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CCI Symposium 2011

Adhesives and consolidants are important components of almost every conservation treatment. Symposium 2011 brought together conservators and scientists from around the world to share their practical and theoretical knowledge about the use of adhesives and consolidants in all areas of conservation. The program included a mix of papers (lectures), posters, tours, and demonstrations, along with stimulating discussions. Papers were presented in English or French, with simultaneous translation.

Symposium 2011 was hosted by the Canadian Conservation Institute in partnership with Library and Archives Canada. It was held at 395 Wellington Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, from October 17 to 21, 2011.


The full unedited text of all papers is provided in the language of presentation. Each paper also includes an abstract and the biographies of the authors in both English and French.

Keynote Presentation: Does What We Want Exist?
by: Velson Horie

Paper, Books, and Archival Materials

Session Chair: Cathy Craig-Bullen

Interaction Between Adhesives From Natural Sources and Paper Substrates
by: Alice Cannon

A Review of Current and Recent Practice in the Use of Adhesives by the Conservation Department at the British Library
by: Ruth Stevens, Paul Garside, and Eleanor Russell

Deacidification and Strengthening of Degraded Papers With Aminosilanes: The Example of AMDES
by: Anne-Laurence Dupont, Zied Souguir, Bertrand Lavédrine, and Hervé Cheradame

Update on the CCI Adhesive Tape and Heat-Set Tissues Project
by: Jane L. Down, Sherry Guild, Greg Hill, Doris St-Jacques, Kate Westbury, Elissa O'Loughlin, Elzbieta Kaminska, R. Scott Williams, Joe Iraci, and Season Tse

Aquazol-Coated Remoistenable Mending Tissues
by: Katherine Lechuga

Wax and Skin Objects, and Gecko and Protein Glues

Session Chair: Carole Dignard

Study of the Mechanical Behaviour of Synthetic Adhesives for Mounting Works on Paper and Bleached Beeswax
by: Emmanuelle Hincelin and Alain Roche (Authors presented in French only; abstract and author biographies are included in French and English.)

Adhesives for Wax Artifacts: Investigation of Suitable Materials and Their Adhesion Properties via Tensile and Bending Tests
by: Johanna Lang

What's Going on With Guts: Assessing Adhesives Used to Repair Cultural Objects Made of Gut Skin
by: Lauren Anne Horelick, Kelly McHugh, and Odile Madden

Adhesion Without Adhesives: Gecko-Like Adhesives
by: Julia Fenn

Antibody-Based Techniques to Distinguish Proteins and Identify Sturgeon Glue in Works of Art
by: Julia Schultz and Karin Petersen


Session Chair: Debra Daly Hartin

Predicting Practical Properties of Unfilled and Filled Adhesives From Thermomechanical Data
by: Christina Young

Contemporary Views on an Empirical Method: Glue-Paste Linings
by: Grazia Nicosia (Author presented in French only; abstract and author biography are included in French and English.)

Review: Adhesives for Thread-by-Thread Tear Mending in Torn Fabric-Supported Paintings
by: Petra Demuth, Hanna Vogel, Christina Nägler, and Lena Reuber

Lining and Consolidating Adhesives: Some New Developments and Areas of Future Research
by: Christopher McGlinchey, Rebecca Ploeger, Annalisa Colombo, Roberto Simonutti, Michael Palmer, Oscar Chiantore, Robert Proctor, Bertrand Lavédrine, and E. René de la Rie

Funori and JunFunori: Two Related Consolidants With Surprising Properties
by: Françoise Michel

Visualizing the Penetration of Consolidants Using Fluorescent Labelling
by: Karolina Soppa, Tilly Laaser, and Christoph Krekel

Decorative Arts and Plaster

Session Chair: James Bourdeau

An Examination of Dimensional Change in Wood From Immersion in Specific Bulk Consolidants
by: Wendy A. Baker and David W. Grattan

The Effect of Consolidants on the Mechanical Fracture Behaviour of Gesso-Type Foundations in Multilayered Decorative Coatings
by: Nanke C. Schellmann and Ambrose C. Taylor

A Method and Apparatus for Evenly Dispensing Measured Acrylic Resin to the Upper Side of a Wood Lath and Plaster Ceiling Assembly Where Access is Limited
by: Rod Stewart and Greg McEwan


Session Chair: Jan Vuori

Peel Strength of Silk and Nylon Textiles Adhered to Sheer Support Fabrics
by: Irene F. Karsten and Nancy Kerr

Fibroin-EGDE Consolidation: A New Method for Conserving Fragile Silk Textiles
by: Zhao Feng, Hu Zhiwen, Zhou Yang, Zhen Hailing, and Huang Xiaofang

Study and Use of Organic and Inorganic Nanostructured Consolidants in the Conservation and Treatment of Archaeological Burial Textiles
by: Susanna Conti, Isetta Tosini, Elisa Bracaloni, Mauro Matteini, Maria Rosaria Massafra, Paolo Matteini, and Roberto Pini

Waking the Dead: The Resurrection of a Tablecloth
by: Suzanna Linda Meijer

From Mummies to Modern Dress: Adhesive Treatments in Textile Conservation at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
by: Joel Thompson and Masumi Kataoka

Pragmatism With Past Adhesive Treatments
by: Zenzie Tinker


Session Chair: John Ward

The Effect of Water on the Durability of Granitic Materials Consolidated With Ethyl Silicates
by: Dória Maria Rodrigues da Costa and José Delgado Rodrigues

The Consolidation and Bonding of Water-Saturated Siliceous Stone With Lithium Silicate – A Preliminary Evaluation
by: Andrew Thorn

Calcium Hydroxide Nanoparticles for Limestone Conservation: Imbibition and Adhesion
by: Alanna Campbell, Andrea Hamilton, Timothy Stratford, Sevasti Modestou, and Ioannis Ioannou

From Glory to Ruins and Back – Conservation at the Mumbai Caves Since the Late 1800s
by: Brinda Gaitonde Nayak

Cellulose Nitrate Analysis and Polyurethane Foam Consolidation

Session Chair: R. Scott Williams

A Closer Analysis of Old Cellulose Nitrate Repairs Obtained From a Cypriot Pottery Collection
by: Petronella Nel, Deborah Lau, and Carl Braybrook

Flexible Polyurethane Ester Foam Consolidation: Preliminary Study of Aminopropylmethyldiethoxysilane Reinforcement Treatment
by: Eleonora Pellizzi, Agnès Lattuati-Derieux, Bertrand Lavédrine, and Hervé Cheradame


Session Chair: R. Scott Williams

Colour Changes of Epoxy Resin Adhesives Used in Glass Restoration by Exposure to NOx Fumes
by: Claude Totelin, Sophie Calonne, and Viviane Bechoux

Adhesives for Stained Glass Windows – Development of a New System for Wide Cracks
by: Martina Raedel, Manfred Torge, and Michael Bücker

An Old Material, a New Technique: Casting Paraloid B-72 for Filling Losses in Glass
by: Stephen P. Koob, Sarah Benrubi, N. Astrid R. van Giffen, and Nathalie Hanna

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

Session Chair: R. Scott Williams

Adhering PMMA: A Study of Mechanical and Adhesive Properties of Six Structural Adhesives
by: Alain Roche (Author presented in French only; abstract and author biography are included in French and English.)

Yellowing and Appearance of Conservation Adhesives for Poly(methyl methacrylate): A Reappraisal of 20-Year-Old Samples and Test Methods
by: Donald Sale


The posters for Symposium 2011 were on display from Tuesday, October 18 to Thursday, October 20, 2011.

Where available, a PDF of the poster is provided.


Adhesive Testing at Kaman-Kalehöyük
by: Ida Pohoriljakova and Sara A. Moy

Contemporary Art

The Conservation of the Eat Art Multiple Candy – Akkumulation aus Marzipanbeinen by Arman: A Case Study
by: Eva Bader and Gunnar Heydenreich


Adhesives 101: Teaching Adhesive Principles to Conservation Students
by: Kate Seymour


A Legitimate Use of Epoxy in Furniture Conservation
by: James Hay and Alastair Fox


Making BEVA 371 Hot-Melt Glue Sticks
by: Tristram Bainbridge

Major Developments in Adhesive Manufacture
by: Alice Cannon

Inhibition of Wax Coating Fungal Degradation Under Conditions of Increased Humidity and Temperature
by: Alan Castle and Nina Zaitseva

An Approach to the Physico-Mechanical Changes Induced by Artificial UV-A Aging of Selected Adhesives Used in Conservation
by: María Teresa Doménech-Carbó, Miguel F. Silva, Laura Fuster-López, Marion F. Mecklenburg, Antonio Doménech, and Dolores Julia Yusá-Marco

Pulling Adhesives Apart Using Cutting-Edge Computational Chemistry
by: Melina Glasson, Carl H. Schiesser, and Robyn J. Sloggett

Cyclododecane: Measuring Occupational Exposure at Workstations
by: David Vernez, Catherine Tomicic, Stefanie Bruhin, and Frédérique-Sophie Tissier


Tendency in Aging Behaviour of Gilded Surfaces Formed With Synthetic Polymers: B-72 Revisited
by: Malgorzata Sawicki and Richard Thomas


Use of UV-Crosslinkable Adhesive on Works of Art Involving Transparent Glass With a Small Gluing Surface
by: Viviane Bechoux and Catherine Cools


Adhesives in the Formulation of Filling Materials for Easel Paintings: Requirements, Suitability, and Stability
by: Golya Mirderikvand, Michael Doutre, Alison Murray, Laura Fuster-López, Dolores Julia Yusá-Marco, and Marion F. Mecklenburg

Ongoing Research into the Strength and Reversibility of Dynamic® 208 Clear Wallcovering Adhesive
by: Meaghan Monaghan

The Combined Use of an Ultrasonic Mister with a Low-Pressure Table in the Consolidation of Contemporary Paintings
by: Rosario Llamas Pacheco and Abraham Reina de la Torre


Testing the Tensile Strength of Paraloid B-72 to Determine its Potential Applications as a Palaeontological Adhesive
by: Rhian Russell and Brandon Strilisky

Paper, Parchment, and Photographs

Which Gelatine to Use? The Choices for Conservators
by: Antoinette Curtis and Yuki Uuchida

Experimental Evaluation of Adhesives for Temporary Facing in Eastern Painting Conservation
by: Ting-Fu Fan

Plasticizing Gelatine with Aquazol 50 or Klucel GF
by: Anna R. Friedman

The Use of Lascaux Acrylic Dispersions in Paper Conservation
by: Richard Hawkes

A 30-Year Overview at the Atelier de Conservation et de Restauration des Photographies de la ville de Paris (ARCP): A Case Study on the Use of Hydroxypropyl Cellulose or Klucel G
by: Marsha Sirven, Cécile Bosquier-Britten, Jessica Régimbald, and Sandra Saïd

Using Peel Tests to Compare Gelatine and Wheat Starch Paste as Adhesives for Use in Paper Conservation
by: Sarah VanSnick and Lara Speroni


Compatibility of Traditional and Synthetic Consolidants for Treating a 16th-Century Polychrome Polyptich
by: Srebrenka Bogović-Zeskoski and Romana Jagić

Physico-Mechanical Test to Evaluate Paraloid B-72 and Regalrez 1126 for the Consolidation of Wood in Polychromed Sculptures
by: Voravit Roonthiva and Josep Paret-Pey


Contribution of Infrared Microscopy to the Study of Polymer Protection Applied to Buildings
by: Didier Brissaud

Effects of Consolidants on the Deposition of Sulfur Dioxide on Limestone Building Materials
by: Carol S. Chin, Justin M. Copeland, and Mary F. Striegel

Nanotechnology and Materials Testing: Using Nanoparticles to Tag Consolidants to Determine Depth of Penetration
by: Joyce Zucker, Mary Betlejeski, and Erin Moroney


The Use of Evacon-R as a Thermoplastic Adhesive in the Conservation of the Silk Curtains and Hangings of a Period Room at the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
by: Mieke Albers

Challenges With Removing Adhesive Tape on a Painted Silk Banner
by: Pia Christensson and Åsa Tempelman

Negotiating the Changed Layers of a Painted Linen 19th-Century Guild Banner: The Consolidation and Adhesive Treatment of the Typographical Association Preston Branch Banner
by: Vivian Lochhead

Stitch, Patch, and Adhere: Combinations and Squence of Treatment of a 17th-Century Leather Glove
by: Sarah Owens

Preserving an English Coal Scuttle: Defining the Suitability of Lascaux in Treating an Early-19th-Century Silk Bonnet c. 1845
by: Leanne C. Tonkin


The final day of the symposium (Friday, October 21) was devoted to demonstrations of various adhesives and/or consolidants, techniques, new products, new joint designs, equipment, tools, and adhesive analysis instrumentation. These demonstrations were given by noted professionals in the field. The demonstrations varied from hands-on sessions where participants had a chance to try out various techniques, to show-and-tell displays of experimental samples, to instrumental techniques.